Ultimate Kitchen Design for Beginners

The history of mankind has started by hunting that he could able to feed himself.  So it may not be like the modern kitchen but obviously, he needed basic tools to prepare his food. 
In the kitchen, the layout should reflect the sequence of events in storing, preparation, and cooking, which means the efficiency of the kitchen is one of the most important criteria in its design. 

However, only the efficiency of the kitchen layout is not just enough to get your dream kitchen. The style and the zones of the appliances are the basics of your dream kitchen.

Photo by Dmitry Zvolskiy from Pexels

Kitchen Styles;

1- The Country-house Style Kitchen: It is similar to the farmhouse kitchen in terms of cosiness. The comfort of the householders and the lady is the main characteristics of this kitchen style. The wide worktops, plenty of ’smart’ storages in a generous space.

2- The farmhouse style kitchen: Though it is named as ‘farmhouse’ this style has given credit by both farmhouse and city/urban dwellers because of its posh and comfy look as being the masterpiece in the house. 

The key to this style is simplicity and function; if it works well it probably looks good. Natural colours, the earthy shads of brick, slate, wood and tile, look best in this type of kitchen.

– Terence Conran (ed. David MacFedyen), 1977. ‘The Kitchen Book.’ Mitchell Beazley Publishers Ltd, London, p.80.

3- The Traditional Family Style Kitchen: The traditional style is one of the most confusing styles- which I can say because it stays in between the modern style and classic aesthetics. The dictionary meaning of traditional is described either established/conventional and even sometimes old or historical. It may be said as orthodox. It has no usual and surprising details but the unique details make it warm and homely. The natural or painted wood- with muted colours, some minimal use of ornaments and crown folding are the basics of this style.

4- The Urban Modern Style Kitchen: This style is a modern revision of the traditional kitchen. The details still are fixed but added a touch of modern clean lines.

5- The Contemporary Style Kitchen: This kitchen either ultra-modern or classic- however in both it has details ahead of its time. 

6- The Minimalist Style Kitchen: Should you either have a small space or like decluttered space, the option you follow is the minimalism in your kitchen. 
The efficiency of the layout and use of the modern small scale appliances determines how happy in your minimalist kitchen. It is desirable to hide the appliances by built-in storages and use every inch and square foot of your kitchen space make you feel more of a normal kitchen. 

7- The Scandinavian Style Kitchen: The details with Scandinavian architecture and interiors define this kitchen.

8- The Classic Style Kitchen: The more ornament and layering than the traditional kitchen. 

How to plan your kitchen– The zones of the Appliances;

A- The Sink Area;

1- Sink.

The accessories related to the sink area are soap powders, mops, detergents etc, draining racks, washing-up bowl, dishcloths, knives, peelers etc. and chopping boards.

B- The Food Storage Area;

1- Refrigerator

2- Smart storages

The accessories related to the food storage area are dry stores, spice jars, knives, pastry board, mixing bowls, scales, electric mixer and glassware.

C- The Cooking Area;

7- Any upper-floor window in a wall or roof slope in a side elevation must be obscured- glazed and non-opening unless the parts which can be opened are more than 1.7 metres above the floor of the room in which it is installed.

1- Either gas electricity hob/cooker

2- Oven

3- Microwave oven

4- Extraction/Electricity fan

The accessories related to the cooking area are seasoning and herbs, wooden spoons, splits saucepans, frying pans, pressure cookers, toast machines and bread box etc.

The Types of Kitchen Layouts;

1- The Single-Line Kitchen: “A very basic layout that should be kept as compact as possible. In the photo, the standard arrangement of work-top/cook-top/work-top/sink/work-top is sandwiched between an oven and a refrigerator that was built in at a high-level link and linked across the top to high-level cupboards. Thus, the entire run of units is framed in and stands like a piece of furniture. The overall length is only 4870 (16 ft). 
2- L-Shaped Layout: The classic work triangle is kept reasonably compact. If the refrigerator has to be placed near the cooker, the refrigerator may use more electricity to keep its cool- which is not the best indeed. 
3- The Gallery Kitchen: they are less tiring kitchens that they have a compact work triangle. 
4- U-Shaped Layout: It allows refrigerator and tall storages on a separate wall section. 
5- Island layout: If there is enough space, island kitchens work best. 
6- Central Table Layout: Usually in a classic farmhouse kitchen, the huge table is placed in the middle and the work areas are placed adjacent to the walls. 

Choosing Work-Surfaces: Timber / Marble / Slate / Terrazzo / Patent / Ceramics/ Corianders/ Polypropylene/ Plastic Laminates / Tiles or Mosaics/ Stainless Steel/ Copper and Zinc.

Other Technical Details in the Kitchen;


1- Work Surface Lighting: “The most efficient method is to fix strip lighting to the underside of wall cupboards or shelves directly above counters.”

2- General Lighting: “Avoid a central light if it is the single source because it throws shadows on the counters. Background light should always be subordinate to work-top lighting. Fully luminous ceilings can be created with suspended louvres, which conceal fluorescent lights that may different lighting levels connected with two or more circuits. 

3- Concealed Lighting: If you consider a concealed lighting, the light bulbs that concealed should not be observed with the eye level. Also, ensure that they are not betrayed by mirrors or other reflective surfaces. 

4- The Dining Table Pendant: The low-hung pendant over the dining area define the dining zone and bring a comfy feeling/atmosphere. Rise and fall fittings adjustment make it easy for the eye level of the family member. 

5- Switchers and dimmers

Heating and Air Conditioning: 

1-Radiators: Radiators are usually hung 150 mm (6in) above the floor, using up valuable wall space. Wall cupboards can be hung above a radiator but not within 300 mm (12in) or the heat will warp the unit and damage the goods inside. In fit, a radiator can be hung anywhere on the wall and in any position, as long as the pipework can supply it with water. 
2- Fan convectors: They are the smaller and neater than radiators with similar heat output. Fans can be thermostatically controlled. 
3-Gas heaters: Individual gas heaters are small and compact, giving out a considerable amount of heat for their size. They must be sited on an outside wall as they require flue ventilations. If there is pipework already supplying gas to the cooker, then gas heating is an economical choice. 
4- Electric Heaters: They are easy and clean to operate. Individual electric wall heaters can be fitted on the wall above the cupboards. Alternatively, free-standing electrically heated oil-filled radiators are efficient and fairly economical. 
5- Underfloor heaters: They are ideal for ceramic tiles, slate, marble, stone or brick finishes in terms of heat transfer and material quality. Sub-floors are heated by electric wiring or hot water pipes embedded in concrete or screed, and their temperature is thermostatically controlled. . This method is well worth if a new kitchen is being built or if a timber sub-floor is being replaced with a concrete one.  This is very inconvenient where the weather changes rapidly, and for weekend homes unless it can be turned on before you arrive. 
6- Wall and ceiling heating: Electric wiring embedded in the plaster thickness of vacant walls or ceilings provides instant heat at the touch of the switch. It is expensive to run.
7- Warm-air ducts: If the rest of the house is heated by this method, it is reasonable do the same in the kitchen. 
8- Solar heating:  The solar panels of copper, steel or aluminium with a glass cover incorporated into the roofs are alternative way of heating. These collectors absorb the sun’s dirt and diffused energy and transfer it into a pumped circulating liquid, usually water with an anti-freeze additive for winter use. 
9- Air conditioning: The great advantage of an air-conditioned house is that it is cool in summer and warm in winter. 
10- Ventilation: Fans and hoods

List of all types of gorgeous towel rails for your bathroom

For your bathroom design, the towel radiators or towel rails are a feature design that aims to heat your towels before using them. Different materials are available for their products such as steel, stainless steel, aluminium- brass and copper in some cases. The towel rails can work with either electricity

The blend of technology and creativity allow you elegant and designer models, whilst having the technical details. So your options are wide and you don’t have to stick to the mediocre or old-fashioned type of radiators. The style/ types of radiators are varied like; (1) Ladder towel rails; (2) Electric towel rails; (3) Designer towel rails; (4) Glass radiators; (5) Flat panel and compact radiators.

The towel rails can work with either electricity or hot water- in some models, the combination of both operating systems gives the best result. The former’s technical detail require heating cartridge or heating cable, whereas the latter’s feature needs a system of hot water connected to the central heating. Innovation technology-enabled infrared technology in the radiators. The glass radiators use this infrared technology. Traditional convector heaters warm the air, but infrared heat is absorbed by surfaces, objects and people within a room so the heat is retained, keeping the room cosy and dry for longer.

Ladder Towel Rail

1- Ladder towel rails –


The material used to produce the ladder towel radiators can be in chrome, white, black, and anthracite. The Towelrads supplier showcase ladder towel rails in ‘Pisa, Hamilton and Independent’ range.

Based on the ‘Pisa’ model of the Towelrads company

High heat output achieved by the bars, can be used on either central heating or dual fuel systems, space-saving, variety of options vertical and horizontal dimensions,

– Benefits of the ladder towel rails
The Ladder Towel Rail, White

2- Electric towel rails-


The electric towers require either electric cable or cartridge for working. The factory filled either thermostatic or non-thermostatic models have the same look as ladder towel rails filled with hot water. On the other side, the ‘dry electric’ models are factory filled and have the flexibility in style ranging from traditional well-spaced bars to modern stylish single bars.

Pre factory filled or dry, availability in summer use, paramount safety, compact functionality, no liquid, flexibility in style and stylish designs. 

– Benefits of the ladder towel rails
The Electric Towel Rail

3- Designer towel rails –


The designer radiators can be a variety of option and size. They usually degreased and coated in a powder coating. Though the operating temperature of the ladder towel rails is generally 110C, the designer radiators may have slightly reduced temperature range.

A- Modern:

The radiator styles are modern and the functions are varied for different size of bathrooms. One model is designed as an integrated towel shelf to maximise the space in small bathrooms. The multiple towel space is another design style that provides storage for busy bathrooms. In the designer radiators, the availability of colour options is not limited to white and black. According to ‘Towelrads’ catalogue, the rose gold, gold, silver, soft white, terrific white, white aluminium, slate grey, basalt grey, light grey, graphite grey, grey aluminium and jet black are top-selling colours. In some case, it is possible to use these modern towel rails in other rooms of your house. The designer towels combine style and functionality. You can even use some models in your wet room.

Open ended design for practical use, complement with fixtures and fittings, available in range of contemporary colour, create a stylish and daring look. 

– Benefits of the modern designer towel rails

B- Traditional:

The traditional towel rails combine style, function and convenience in classic, traditional and country style homes. Traditional style- or sometimes named vintage style- can also be mixed with contemporary functionality. The dual function and different material options make the perfect combination with your bathroom design.

The Combination of function and elegant look, dual function and ease to use make traditional design towel rails almost only option to select for traditional bathrooms.  

– Benefits of the traditional designer towel rails.

5- Glass towel rails and radiators –


Glass radiators are the combination of innovative technology and elegant frameless design. The glass radiators produce energy-efficient heat through the use of infrared technology. Compared to convector heaters which warm the air, infrared heat is absorbed by surfaces, objects and people allowing the heat to be retained within the room as well as keeping the dust and bacteria to a minimum. The radiators are made up of laminated toughened safety glass.

Infrared technology, touched screen, lower water content, ideal for stand-alone use, stone or toughened glass for a different design option.

– Benefits of the traditional designer towel rails.

6- Flat panel and compact radiators


The compact radiators are the options for bathrooms also, which significantly for the large size bathrooms; otherwise, the flat radiators that havethe same technical specs with the compact radiator but with a flat panel on the outside face.

Compact Towel Rail

The compact radiators are the options for bathrooms also, which significantly for the large size bathrooms; otherwise, the flat radiators that have the same technical specs with the compact radiator but with a flat panel on the outside face.

Ultimate library of bathroom products for your bathroom design

For your bathroom design, you should consider seven groups of products to consider choosing for your bathroom design. (1), bathroom suites; (2), Bathroom furniture; (3) Baths; (4) Shower Mixer; (4) Taps; (5) Radiators and (7) Finishing Accessories. Bathroom Suites.

Bathroom design of a house in Edinburgh; design- © HaticeXInterior

1-Bathroom Suites


The bathroom suites are the combination of basin and toilet in various styles. The advantage of bathroom suites is you can go along with the same style of both products with an affordable budget, with good quality and stylish options.

First criteria are how affordable your bathroom suite is. The special suite packs allow you get everything in one go, making things easier for you and offering even better value. 
Second, you can get good quality and a reliable bathroom suite easily from trusted suppliers in the market. 
Third, the style of the bathroom suites is various to select in any style that you like to have. The bathroom suites combine form and function beautifully, offering stylish space-saving options. 

Always go to the bathroom when you have a chance.

– King George V
Bathroom suite having bath, sink and toilet; source –

2- Bathroom Furniture


The bathroom furniture allow you additional and required storage that you need.  Both options for module solutions and fully fitted ranges are available in a variety of styles, finishes and sizes to allow you to create your dream bathroom.

A fully fitted bathroom combines excellent storage capacity with a stylish, neat and tidy bathroom. Again there are different styles and also a different way of standing options. You can select either wall mounted floating options or floor standing units.

The advantage of good quality furniture in your bathroom is to create the luxury feel you look for. 

– Hatice Ozhisar
Wall-mounted bathroom storage furniture; source – r2bathrooms
Floor standing storage furniture; source-

3- Baths


The bath is the centrepiece of your bathroom, so it is important that it sets the tone and style as well as offering a practical solution. 
The option for the bath that you can choose is material, type and style. 

A- Material:

The bath material can be either acrylic or steel.  Acrylic is the most popular bath material throughout the UK. It is easy to transport and install thanks to its lightweight properties. It has good heat retention and it is excellent value for money and cost-effective. When you touch, it is warmer than the steel. Since it is non-porous: it is easy to clean and remove scratches.

On the other hand, steel is also very commonly used throughout the UK, because it is stronger and more durable than acrylic.  It is resilient and almost impossible to stretch. Whilst cold to the touch it’s a great heat conductor. You shouldn’t worry about corrosion, because the chemical and UV light resistant properties prevent discolouring. As a 100% recyclable material, steel is an eco-friendly choice.

B- Type:

The type of the bath depends on both the size of your bathroom and your preferred style you are looking for. There are basically four types of bath types, which you can pick any style ranging from traditional to contemporary modern. 

The first type is the ‘Single-ended bath’ that is a simple rectangular bath having taps installed at one end. This style provides a single backrest for comfort. As a popular and practical design, they come in numerous sizes for a wide variety of bathroom space. 

The second type is the ‘Double-ended Bath’ that usually has a centrally-mounted tap, enabling both ends free for use as backrests, or providing a generous bathing space. These baths are also perfect for families who want to bathe their beloved children. 

The third type is a ‘Free-standing bath’ that is the epitome of luxury. These baths create a real statement of sophistication in your bathroom. Both traditional and contemporary free-standing baths are available on the market. 

The fourth type is the ’Shower Bath’ that is perfect for the small bathroom. It gives the option of both showering and bath at the same time.  Families can bathe their children, and still have the efficiency of showering for themselves, even in a cramped bathroom. 

Single-ended bath; source-
Double-ended bath; source-
Free-standing bath; source-
Shower bath; source-

4- Shower Mixer –


There are variety of showers in a variety of styles to suit most of the tastes. The important factor is that the showers have thermostatic temperature control enabling extra safety and comfort. 

– Hatice Ozhisar

4- Shower Mixer :

The mixer showers usually deliver higher flow rates that are connected with both hot and cold water supplies. 

  1. First, ‘bar valves’ are ideal for homes with readily available hot water such as from a combi boiler or large capacity hot water cylinder. The hot water and cold water is mixed within the unit and the water is delivered through the shower. 
  2. Second; ‘Mini Valves’ are small stylish compact showers that are ideal for small bathrooms or en suite.
  3. Third; ’Thermostatic Exposed Valves’ create a bold statement in any bathroom.
  4. Fourth; ‘ERD Bar Valves’ are the minimalist look of the thermostatic showers. 
Thermostatic Exposed Valve; source –

4- Taps


The taps are important that they complete the outlook of the bathroom complementing the style of your bathroom, which may be either designed in minimalist or glam sophisticated. 
Basically you need to choose the tabs for your bath, basin, and shower.

The taps are in two types as they are functioning. The mixer taps are getting more popular, as you can manage the ideal temperature of the hot water in one flow. Whilst, the pillar taps are the traditional separate two taps. You have to use these taps with two tap hole basins. 
The bath shower mixer taps are the efficient way to get the best of both shower and bath. You save space, use both your shower and bath at the same time without losing separate spaces for each of them.

The mixer tap; source-
The pillar tap; source-

6- Radiators


You should carefully think of the radiators in your bathroom. Thanks to modern technology and creative industry, we have options for the style of the bathroom space and towel heat/dry up along with the heating. 
Two types are worth considering thinking of. The heated towel rails give off slightly less heat as they are designed to warm towels. However, if your main concern also includes the warming-up the whole room, then ‘Decorative radiators’ are the best option for your bathroom, which is usually as sleek as a heated towel. You can find various options from the modern contemporary to traditional Victorian and/or Edwardian.

Traditional radiator implemented in bathroom design in Edinburgh; ©HaticeXinterior

7- Finishing Accessories


There are variety of showers in a variety of styles to suit most of the tastes. The important factor is that the showers have thermostatic temperature control enabling extra safety and comfort. 

– Hatice Ozhisar
Accessories of the bathroom design in Edinburgh; ©HaticeXinterior

The bathroom accessories are the items that end/compliment the bathroom in function and aesthetic. The glass shelves, toilet roll holders, grab bars, towel rings &/or Towel rings, tumbler and holder, toilet brush and holders, storage baskets and mirrors are the accessories of finishing touches. 
Selection of the right accessories, therefore, is very important. The details and dimensions are vital for the functional details. The aesthetic is important whether to pick the suitable styles. For instance, the traditional style bathroom must have the traditional finishing accessories match with the general look of the bathroom. 

Accessories of the bathroom design in Edinburgh; ©HaticeXinterior

What I Learned about future workplace in Salone Del Mobile in Milan

Salone Del Mobile in fairground invited suppliers, designers, architects and visitors from all over the world at the beginning of April. It is as it is pointed by the Salone Del Mobile, the significant names celebrated ‘important anniversaries. ‘Natuzzi’ and ‘IPE’ are in their sixty years in the business, whereas ‘Visionnaire’ and ‘MDF Italia’ are 15 and 10 years of their anniversaries.

This year’s manifesto was ‘Ingenuity.’ The three keywords determine the content of the exhibition; first, Innovation; second, Industry and third, Vision.

The exhibitions- which I prefer to use exhibition since almost all products are the result of the best design- are mind-blowing and give lots of hints for the not only this year’s focus but also the clues about the future trends. The new designers had the chance to exhibit their products at ‘Salone Satellite’ under the theme of ‘personification.’ Having said this, the Salone Del Mobile newsletter pointed out that it is all about ‘perspective’- that is finding new vanishing points.

SALONE DEL MOBILE 2019, Euroluce

Hybrid and Transverse –

The workplace design has changed since the cubicle designs of the 1980s. Today we are talking about the co-working spaces, sharing spaces, digital nomads, etc. in Salone Del Mobile, we observed that the direct reflection of transformation of the workplace was taken in the fairground. It has said that in the fair the exhibition of the workplace in the halls is disappeared. It is distributed throughout the entire trade fair area.

A direct and reflected consequence of the social transformation of the work area, which has become a flexible, dynamic space, open to contamination and sharing.

– Salone Del Mobile

It is important for Salone Del Mobile that we should learn about and understand the future and necessary changes in the spaces we shared with others and the starting point for the development of ideas capable of responding to new market needs.

The Concept of Office –


A deconstructed place, without fixed workstations, where the flexibility of movable partition systems and furnishings dominates the space to adopt changes in working methods, attention to privacy and concentration, which translates into sound insulation and focus work areas, up to the most original office capsule.

– Salone Del Mobile

LUX Life 2018 Leading Designers Award: ‘ HaticeXInterior Best Range of Interior Design Services within Edinburgh’

HaticeXInterior * have been selected in LUX’s 2018 Leading Designers Awards as the Best Range of Interior Design Services within Edinburgh. We profiled the business and spoke to Hatice Ozhisar as we look to gain an insight into her continuous success.

Lux life magazine showcasing Hatice’s company (* In the article, it has written the former company name)

A Highly Skilled Architect and Designer


Based in Edinburgh, HaticeXInterior is a young, multi-disciplinary interior design and architecture services firm based in Edinburgh, servicing clients all over Scotland and London. Founded by Dr Hatice Ozhisar, the company’s business idea is to provide an interior design service for discerning, quality-conscious clients that seek assistance in their design choices for their primary residences, for their investments, and for their commercial premises such as workplaces and small cafe and restaurants along with some full home extension projects.

The most distinctive feature of HaticeXInterior is Hatice’s creative, highly educated skills, understanding, international experience and knowledge. With over ten years of experience in advanced building design techniques, Hatice is well-placed to provide reliable in-depth and knowledgeable advice to clients in all aspects of their projects. Furthermore, with her talent, education and experience, Hatice appreciates different design styles: from modern to traditional, urban to country, contemporary to industrial, drawing inspiration from all over the world, in particular, Europe and Asia.

We asked Hatice what her overall aims are for BS Interior Designs and what strategies she employs to ensure that this mission is reached.

HaticeXInterior‘s mission is to provide personal attention throughout the design process, providing detailed design services and products to its clients that take account of my multidisciplinary qualifications and experience. That experience, in both architecture and interior design, allows us to realise our clients’ dream designs. We want to inform, inspire and assist clients, while their home or workplace is transformed. This allows it to become their own unique personalised expression and for them to better enjoy that interior space.”

Creating innovative solutions is a must-do in the interior design industry, and Hatice explains how hard the team works to create those solutions that help maintain her success as an architect.

“Studying architecture and becoming a designer has changed my life. I pay close attention to every detail in real life. I test, experiment with and suggest anything, big or small, in every project to maintain my success as an architect and designer.

How do I achieve this?

Firstly, I take the time to fully assess what I am to do, whether it is a client’s brief or competition proposal. Secondly, based on the assessment, I provide a critical evaluation. Sometimes what you see and what clients tell you don’t give the full picture, but I take these to create an innovative design proposal. Lastly, I will seek and listen to feedback, wanting constantly to improve my service.”

Gaining an impressive reputation for her previous successful projects, Hatice shares what she believes to have been the most successful of these to date and tells us what lessons she has learned from working on them.

“Every project is important for our company. However, we can name three projects that have enabled us to grow the company, improve our mindset and raise our company profile significantly.

Firstly, the international project for the design of the United Nations building in Ankara allowed us to witness the actual realisation of our design concepts. Secondly, our first house design in the United Kingdom (in Edinburgh) made us focus on the need for detail in all aspects of the project and brought our company to the attention of other potential clients. Thirdly, submitting a proposal to the Alexander Thompson Foundation Double Villa Housing Competition required us to produce a successful proposal within a short time frame.”

Regarding what the future holds for HaticeXInterior, Hatice has exciting plans for the times ahead, and she hints at expansion in terms of the company’s portfolio, as well as its locations and services.

“Ultimately, HaticeXInterior’s immediate aim is to use my extensive experience, qualifications and professionalism as a strong platform, as well as offering our target market a reliable and effective architectural and interior design service.

We want to build a portfolio of work in the United Kingdom that will attract new clients, focusing on home styling and investment projects, whether within existing rooms or extensions. HaticeXInterior expects to be the leading interior designer in and around Edinburgh and, indeed, Scotland as a whole within the next three to five years and has an extensive client base covering all parts of the UK.

Lastly, within the next twelve months, we want to create an online presence and build new business models with a fresh concept in design services”.

Company: HaticeXInterior

Contact: Hatice Ozhisar

Address: 26 Dublin Street, Edinburgh, EH3 6NN

Phone: +44 (0) 7474 255657


All Social Media: haticeXInterior

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