Design requires certain criteria when selecting the colour scheme. To manage this, it is important to understand the basic principles of the colour.
Basic principles of the colour for any design projects
Characteristics of the colour
- Violet (Purple)= (Blue+Red)
- Orange= (Red+Yellow)
- Green= (Yellow+Blue)
- Plum (Blue-violet)
- Mulberry (Red violet)
- Russet (Red orange)
- Flame (Yellow-orange)
- Citron (Yellow-green)
- Slate (Blue-green)
- Blue plum
- Violet plum
- Yellow citron
- Greenish citron
Neutralization of Colours
- (Blue+Yellow)= Green
- (Red+Blue)= Violet/Purple
- (Red+Yellow)= `Orange
The idea of neutralization is that;“as colours increasingly neutralize they develop greater harmony with each other because they gradually approach the same colour.”
3- What are the factors that affect the colour tone
– that the way we observe the colour
- Impact of the distance
- Size of the area
- Effect of the adjoining colours
- Improvement of the natural light
- Quality of the artificial light
- Touch of the texture
are the basic principles colour.
The basic principles of colour harmony are following;
- “Never select a collar without having a reason
- Consider first the general character and purpose of the room, and when and how often it is to be used
- Consider the size, orientation, the texture of surfaces, and amount and quality of natural and artificial light
- Select the more neutral tones for the large background areas of the room, keeping the darkest for the floor and lightest for the ceiling. Area and distribution are more important than hue in colour harmony.
- Select a secondary key colour for upholstery and curtains, which will be prominent regardless of pattern
- Select colour accents for the small objects in colours complementary to the background
- Study the difference between the plain surfaces and figured surfaces. Use both, if necessary, and contrast them with each other. Contrast surfaces may be obtained by texture as well as b colour and pattern.
- See the scale and type of patterns of figured surfaces are in harmony with the furnishing.
- Select textiles and wallpapers before choosing the paint colours.
- Try large samples of all colours in place under final lighting conditions before making a final decision.
- Simple colour schemes in which few colours are used are more effective than complicated schemes of many colours.
- Limit yourself to the use of old two or three colours for walls, curtains &/or large upholstery and floors. The same colours (Particularly the accents) should be recalled in various small objects and/or surfaces. (p.706)”
Physiological Impact of the Colours
– that a very conservative way of looking
- White= Purity, peace, faith, joy, cleanliness
- Red= Passion, anger, warmth, gaiety, martyrdom, revolution
- Blue=Restfulness, coolness, sky, constancy, mourning
- Black= Darkness, despair, sorrow, mourning
- Green= Spring, hope, restfulness, fruitfulness, coolness
- Yellow= Warmth, cheerfulness, fruitfulness, jealousy
- Gray= Humility, penance
- Purple= Justice, royalty, depression, suffering, church color
- Gold= Royalty, luxury, power
- Pale blue= Male child
- Pink= Female child