For your living room, open-plan kitchen, extension and in almost all commercial spaces like shops, coffee shops and office spaces, wood flooring is the best material that you can use because it is durable and comfortable. But you are not sure which wood flooring is best for your needs.
From my expertise, I divide them into two as; Real Wood Floorings and Quasi Wood Floorings – which I do exclude the synthetic wood effect tiles and vinyl floorings. The real wood floorings are; Engineered, Solid/Hardwood, Reclaimed and Parquet. Whereas quasi wood floorings are; Laminate, Bamboo and Cork.
The Real Wood Floorings;
1. Engineered Wood Floorings
Engineered Wood Flooring is three layers of wood- which these layers run 90-degree angles and made up of High-Density Fibreboard (HDF) top layer and a Block Core which is either plywood or softwood- to enable high structural strength and durability.
HDF: The top layer, or the wear-layer: about 2.5 mm and 6 mm thickness (max 13 mm)
Block Core: 14-17 mm
is an environmentally friendly material for most domestic and commercial flooring installations. The material -placed as a single piece of a solid wood veneer on top- offers high stability with limiting expansion creates an aesthetically pleasing look in any rooms.
is the founding section of the engineered wood flooring and it is made entirely from real wood using three layers of timber in a cross-ply-style that sits at a 90degree angle to the top layer.
“By constructing this way, it provides excellent stability, is easy to handle and can be profiled in many locking formats or a standardized profile;” as told by Wooden Floor Company.
“Birch, poplar and spruce often make up the raw material found in block core products as they’re considered fast-growing timbers, sustainable and are readily available for manufacturers to the source.”
is relatively a new method to enable more load-bearing and structural strength. “The key benefit is the performance of the plywood core- which is minimum 18 mm- that very effectively restricts movement and adds stability while ensuring the floor looks great and also performs as a structural component in the home.”
These types of engineered woods are best for conservatories, extension parts, loft places and/ or spaces with underfloor heating- where the temperature can vary. It neither absorbs moisture from the ground.
Technical Aspects of Engineered Wood Flooring
The thickness of the engineered wood ranges between 14 mm to 21 mm
The Finishing Options
Engineered flooring comes with a host of finishing options, whether that be factory pre-finished or an unfinished board that can be coated on-site by bespoke craftsmen. On-site applications, lacquered and oiled are the two methods.
Oiled floors use synthetic oil that penetrates deep into the wood allowing the colour and texture to be brought to the surface creating a visually stunning floor. Also, the oil provides an easy-to-maintain protective single-coat surface layer
The following table summarizes the available thickness, finishes, dimensions and wood species. However, you should check the companies specifications for details.
|14mm||2.5mm||Brushed and Lacquered||90 mm width / Random length between 300 mm – 1200 mm||Walnut, rustic|
|18mm||3mm||Brushed and Lacquered||125 mm width / Fixed Length: 1860 mm||Oak, mixed|
|19mm||4mm||Click Flooring||130 mm width / Fixed length: 2200 mm||NA|
|20mm||5mm||Distressed and/or Rustic||150 mm width / Fixed length: 1900 mm||NA|
|21mm||6mm||Grey Wood / Hand-scraped/ Herringbone, Chevron and Parquet / Smoked / Smooth Lacquered / Stained / White Oiled / Whitewashed||Widths: 155-180-190-200-207-240-340 mm /Fixed lengths: 400-450-2500-3900-725 mm||NA|
2. Solid/ Hard Wood Floorings
Functional and Aesthetic
They feature as a key design element in a vast range of interior styles from minimalist contemporary buildings to period properties and heritage restorations;’ as said by Junckers.
Technical Aspects of Solid/ Hard Wood Flooring
Thinner Boards (14 mm and 15 mm thick) for overlay and renovation projects
Thicker Boards (22 mm and 20.5 mm) for structural suspended floors
The thickness of the wood depends upon if the floorboards will need to span between battens and joists, or if the floor is an overlay to an existing base. The expected traffic is also important on which depth of wood is necessary.
The Surface Finishing Options
Coloured Oils and Lacquered Oils a choice of Sheen Levels
Solid Wood Species
3. Reclaimed Wood Floorings
Inspiring and eco-friendly
- Herringbone flooring
The Quasi Wood Floorings –
These are the alternative models and structures for wood flooring. Some made of layers, some different organic material that looks like wood but not real wood. However, almost they all are durable, sustainable and cost-effective when it is compared to the solid/engineered wood alternatives.
1. Laminate (Floating Wood Tile) Floorings
If a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a lamination process, a laminate flooring (or floating wood tile as named in the United States) is formed.
Technical Aspects of Laminate Flooring
Stone textured too can be closely replicated in a structure that enhances the look while eliminating the specialist sealing and porosity encountered with the natural material.”
|7mm||Acacia||Brushed and Lacquered||90 mm width / Fixed length: 1215 mm||Oak|
|8mm||Black/Dark||Brushed and Oiled||125 mm width / Random Length: 400-1218 mm||Walnut|
|10mm||Chestnut||Distressed or Rustic||190 mm width / Fixed length: 2160 mm||Acacia Effect|
|12mm||Grey Wood||Grey Wood||240 mm width / Fixed length: 2200 mm||Embossed oak texture|
|14mm||Oak||Herringbone, Chevron and Parquet||239 mm width / Fixed length: 450 mm||Natural Oak|
|15mm||Tile Effect||Smoked||197 mm width / Fixed length: 1215 mm||Walnut|
|18mm||Walnut/White Wood||Stained/Stone Effect/Whitewashed||Widths: 244-193-326-188-408 mm /Fixed lengths: 2025-1380-1302-1375-1233 mm||Embossed textured laminate/Stained Oak/Oak border, travertine tile/Embossed textured laminate/Tile Effect Laminate Flooring|
2. Bamboo Floorings
Bamboo is a sustainable material in the flooring construction. Since it grows quicker than it can be harvested in 3-5 years than most of the trees having 15-20 years of life span.